js Canvas绘制圆形时钟教程

时间:2017-03-11 21:28 来源:网管之家整理 字体:[ ] 评论:

本文实例为大家分享了Canvas绘制圆形时钟的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html> 
<head lang="en"> 
  <meta charset="UTF-8"> 
  <title>canvas-clock</title> 
</head> 
<body> 
  <canvas id="canvas" width="500px" height="500px"> 
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  </canvas> 
  <script> 
    //获取到canvas元素 
    var canvas = document.getElementById('canvas'); 
    //获取canvas中的画图环境 
    var context = canvas.getContext('2d'); 
 
 
    //时钟的大小 
    function drowClock(){ 
      //钟表的大小:初始值设置 
      var clockDimensions = 150; 
 
      //清理当前画布,以便后期绘制 
      context.clearRect(0,0,canvas.width,canvas.height); 
      //绘制表盘 
      context.beginPath(); //开启新路径 
      context.lineWidth = clockDimensions/15; 
      context.strokeStyle = "#A7C0DC"; 
      //绘制表盘圆圈 
      context.arc(canvas.width/2,canvas.height/2,clockDimensions,0,Math.PI*2,false); 
      context.stroke();//描边绘制 
 
      //绘制表盘的刻度线 
      for(var i=1;i<=60;i++){ 
        if(i%5==0){ 
          context.save();//保存当前绘制环境 
          context.beginPath(); 
          context.lineWidth =clockDimensions/30; 
          context.strokeStyle = "#9AABB1"; 
          //重置坐标原点(0,0) 
          context.translate(canvas.width/2,canvas.height/2); 
          //绘制环境旋转方法,以(0,0)为参考点进行旋转 
          context.rotate(Math.PI*2/60 * i); 
          context.moveTo(0,clockDimensions-clockDimensions/30); 
          context.lineTo(0,clockDimensions-clockDimensions/8); 
          context.stroke(); 
          context.beginPath(); 
          context.textAlign = 'center'; 
          context.textBaseline = 'middle'; 
          context.font = 'bold '+Math.floor(clockDimensions/10)+'px 宋体'; 
          context.fillStyle = "#03671F"; 
          context.fillText(i/5,0,0-(clockDimensions-clockDimensions/5)); 
          context.fill(); 
          context.restore();//恢复当前保存的绘制环境 
        }else { 
          context.save(); 
          context.beginPath(); 
          context.lineWidth = Math.floor(clockDimensions/100); 
          context.strokeStyle = "#8EA5AB"; 
          //重置坐标原点(0,0) 
          context.translate(canvas.width / 2, canvas.height / 2); 
          //绘制环境旋转方法,以(0,0)为参考点进行旋转 
          context.rotate(Math.PI * 2 / 60 * i); 
          context.moveTo(0, clockDimensions-clockDimensions/20); 
          context.lineTo(0, clockDimensions-clockDimensions/10); 
          context.stroke(); 
          context.restore(); 
        } 
      } 
 
      //获取当前windows的时间 
      var now = new Date(); 
      var sec = now.getSeconds(); 
      var min = now.getMinutes(); 
      var hour = now.getHours(); 
 
      //获取精准的小时数 
      hour = hour +min/60 + sec/3600; 
      //转换为12进制 
      hour = hour>12?(hour-12):hour; 
      //获取精准的分钟数 
      min = min + sec/60; 
 
      //绘制时针 
      context.save(); 
      context.beginPath(); 
      context.lineWidth = clockDimensions/30; 
      context.strokeStyle = "#596C74"; 
      //重置坐标原点(0,0) 
      context.translate(canvas.width / 2, canvas.height / 2); 
      //绘制环境旋转方法,以(0,0)为参考点进行旋转 
      context.rotate(Math.PI * 2 / 12 * hour); 
      context.moveTo(0, clockDimensions/10); 
      context.lineTo(0, 0-clockDimensions/2); 
      context.stroke(); 
      context.restore(); 
 
      //绘制分针 
      context.save(); 
      context.beginPath(); 
      context.lineWidth = clockDimensions/40; 
      context.strokeStyle = "#596C74"; 
      //重置坐标原点(0,0) 
      context.translate(canvas.width / 2, canvas.height / 2); 
      //绘制环境旋转方法,以(0,0)为参考点进行旋转 
      context.rotate(Math.PI * 2 / 60 * min); 
      context.moveTo(0, clockDimensions/8); 
      context.lineTo(0, 0-(clockDimensions-clockDimensions/5)); 
      context.stroke(); 
      context.restore(); 
 
      //绘制秒针 
      context.save(); 
      //重置坐标原点(0,0) 
      context.translate(canvas.width / 2, canvas.height / 2); 
      context.beginPath(); 
      context.lineWidth = clockDimensions/50; 
      context.strokeStyle = "#738B93"; 
      //绘制环境旋转方法,以(0,0)为参考点进行旋转 
      context.rotate(Math.PI * 2 / 60 * sec); 
      context.moveTo(0, clockDimensions/6); 
      context.lineTo(0, 0-(clockDimensions-clockDimensions/10)); 
      context.stroke(); 
      //修饰秒针 
      context.beginPath(); 
      context.arc(0,0-(clockDimensions-clockDimensions/3),clockDimensions/20,0,Math.PI*2,true); 
      context.fillStyle = "#2FFC14"; 
      context.fill(); 
      context.lineWidth = clockDimensions/50; 
      context.stroke(); 
      //修饰圆心 
      context.beginPath(); 
      context.fillStyle = "#738B93"; 
      context.arc(0,0,clockDimensions/20,0,Math.PI*2,true); 
      context.fill(); 
      context.restore(); 
    } 
    drowClock(); 
    setInterval(drowClock,1000); 
 
  </script> 
</body> 
</html> 

效果图:

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持网管之家。

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